The Puppy and the Dog They have been man’s companion through the ages and adapted to their owners, but they have their own behavioural and nutritional demands. Knowing and respectingthem will guarantee their health and well-being.

The cat’s feline nature is always a matter of fascination.He adapts with apparent ease to daily life, and yet he has behavioural and nutritional requirements of his own. Knowing them and respecting them will guarantee his well-being and his health.

Because of its composition, a Royal Canin Health Nutrition food provides all essential nutrients measured out with utmost precision in order to contribute every day and on a long-term basis to the well-being and health of every animal, according to his age, his size, his physiological condition and his breed.

Innovation for the sake of dogs and cats’ health. For over 40 years, Royal Canin has worked with breeder partners and veterinary nutritionists to go ever further into innovation and precision to enable us to formulate nutritional solutions which perfectly meet dogs and cats’ real needs.

Living with your cat

Feeding him

The cat is a carnivore

A cat is a carnivore and his body is perfectly adapted to this diet. Feeding him Health Nutrition suited to his age, size, lifestyle, and specific sensitivities and even to his breed means contributing to preserving his health.

With jaws designed to cut, not chew, 30 sharp-cutting teeth, saliva containing no digestive enzymes, and a stomach designed to digest quickly swallowed "prey," the cat distinguishes himself by a very specific dietary behaviour. This nibbler can have 12 to 18 meals a day, in periods of less than 30 minutes over a 24-hour period. Ingesting only a few grams at a time, food reaches his stomach in large chunks.

Meeting a cat’s nutritional requirements implies a specific diet that takes into account criteria relating to lifestyle or age, and also to health, gender,
specific breed features, and particular sensitivities, digestive or coetaneous for example, up to adulthood and senior years.

Outdoor cat or indoor cat?

An indoor cat spends little energy. The normal intake of a 3.5-kg inactive cat, with no excess weight, is about 50g of kibbles a day, with dry food containing around 350 kcal/100g. For some cats that eat to keep busy, it is essential to set the quantity to be served every day. At the same time, choosing Health Nutrition with a moderate energy density is crucial to preventing excess weight, and as with an indoor lifestyle, sterilisation is recommended. Reducing the secretion of sexual hormones results in the cat’s appetite being stimulated and his weight may register a 30% increase within the months following sterilisation.

An outdoor cat has a higher energy requirement of about 70 kcal/kg per day. This increases according to the time spent outdoors, the extent of the territory available to him and fluctuations in the climate throughout the year. However, a cat’s diet is not set once forever: many outdoors cats become true indoor cats when winter arrives!

An adult indoor cat spends about 30% of his waking time licking his coat. The hairs he ingests are eliminated via the intestine. This grooming activity presents a risk of hairball formation in the digestive tract. Stimulating intestinal transit with Health Nutrition enriched with non-fermentable fibre may
facilitate natural elimination of these hairs.

According to his breed

Even though pedigree cats are more readily kept indoors, their requirements are as different as their constitutions and their appearances. Between a 10-kg Maine Coon with medium-length hair and strong jaws, an active, all-muscle shorthaired Siamese, a longhaired Brachycephalic Persian, and a hairless Sphinx, nutritional requirements vary substantially, each demanding a specific Health Nutrition answer.

A Sphinx will require a high energy diet to maintain his shape weight, while a Persian must be given food with kibbles suited to his jaws and nutrients
contributing to the good health of his hair.

According to his age

A cat’s average longevity is 14 years, but cats can reach 20 years of age. Better care and precise Health Nutrition will contribute to the quality of a cat’s life expectancy.

Ageing comes with a decline of the immune defense system and of assimilation abilities, as well as a loss of appetite. Chewing becomes more difficult. Health Nutrition suited to the ageing cat can support his health. Among other features, it will have a softer texture, an enriched vitamin content and
reinforced palatability.

Particular sensitivities

70% of cats over 3 years of age suffer from dental problems. These diseases often go unnoticed while the pains they cause have serious consequences on the cat’s behaviour and general health. Health Nutrition may contribute to maintaining good dental health. Using kibbles where size and texture encourage the cat to crunch makes it possible to perform mechanical brushing of dental surfaces and to slow down plaque development.

The grace of motion, softness of coat, mischievous unpredictability, promises of affection and knowing presence are already there, ready to bloom in your new kitten. As a responsible pet owner, you owe it to him to know his needs, especially when it comes to his health nutrition.