The Puppy and the Dog They have been man’s companion through the ages and adapted to their owners, but they have their own behavioural and nutritional demands. Knowing and respectingthem will guarantee their health and well-being.

The cat’s feline nature is always a matter of fascination.He adapts with apparent ease to daily life, and yet he has behavioural and nutritional requirements of his own. Knowing them and respecting them will guarantee his well-being and his health.

Because of its composition, a Royal Canin Health Nutrition food provides all essential nutrients measured out with utmost precision in order to contribute every day and on a long-term basis to the well-being and health of every animal, according to his age, his size, his physiological condition and his breed.

Innovation for the sake of dogs and cats’ health. For over 40 years, Royal Canin has worked with breeder partners and veterinary nutritionists to go ever further into innovation and precision to enable us to formulate nutritional solutions which perfectly meet dogs and cats’ real needs.

Living with your puppy

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To support your puppy in his new life as well as possible, you are given a few essential rules and pieces of advice on the best way for you to support his learning and his integration into the family circle and to provide the care he should be given for healthy growth.

Training him

Basic rules

Just like a vaccination or daily activity, training a dog is an owner’s duty from the moment he is adopted. Training ensures that owner and his family and dog co-habit in harmony, but also helps the dog integrate into society. It is important that puppy training commences when his ability to learn is at its optimum.

When training a puppy, take one step at a time. As it is, a puppy has a limited capacity for concentration and there is a risk of overworking him if he
exercises for too long.

Motivation

Successful training relies on a positive experience for your puppy and the rigor of the exercise. A puppy naturally loves to play. This provides the opportunity to give him a "workout" without constraints using short exercises. Besides games, which enable you to train your puppy with shared joy, his desire to gain your affection and please you should not be neglected in the learning processes. Be sure that his exercise is not too rigorous, but a golden rule in training is to be firm with him too. 

A meaningful reward

Reward increases motivation and facilitates training. To be effective, it must be meaningful. You must congratulate him with strokes and warm voice tones coinciding with success of an exercise. Reprimand when he misbehaves but take note that positive reinforcement learning (rewarding) is much more effective than negative reinforcement learning (reprimands).

Language

The language you use when communicating with your puppy should be adapted to him. Use simple, short and often repeated commands. A dog understands the tone given better than words and their meaning. Your tone should change depending on whether you’re giving a command, congratulating or reprimanding him. Making a motion is also an effective means of communicating with him.

Teaching him his name

The first thing a puppy should learn is his name. From first day, the call of his name should be followed with a pleasant moment to encourage him to recognise his name and to execute orders.

The"No"

As soon as he arrives, it is essential to instill the meaning of the word "No".

  • The "No" will be associated with all things forbidden, whatever they are.
  • It should be categorical and pronounced in a firm and unequivocal voice when you see him misbehaving or committing a forbidden action.
  • At the start of this learning process, you can make the gesture of pushing away the puppy with your hand, saying at the same time "No." Soon you’ll only need to say "No" in a firm voice.

Housetraining

A dog is generally not house-trained, with the exception of the place where he sleeps. If he has done his business in the house while you are out, it is
pointless to scold him. Reprimanding is effective only if he is punished right away. For a puppy to be properly house-trained, he must be taken out every two hours and, importantly, after every meal.

The three basic commands: stand, sit, down

Take care to ensure your commands are consistent. What is forbidden one day should not be tolerated the next, by anybody in the household. The three basic commands should be practiced with your puppy on a leash.

Walking on a leash

A leash is a control tool, a sign of joy for a puppy as he expects to go out for a walk. It should never be used to reprimand him. Like house-training, walking on a leash is taught easily if done early. To get your puppy used to wearing a collar and walking on a leash, start in the home, several times a day and always in short sessions. If he pulls at the leash, say "No, firmly" giving a gentle, but sharp pull on the leash. NEVER hurt your puppy with a leash.

Recall

More than a command, a recall is an invitation for him to return to you to receive a reward. A recall should also be linked to a positive gesture. You could start by associating a recall with the giving of food and then switch from the house perimeter to the outdoors. If your puppy does not obey
the command "Here," try going in the opposite direction and hiding. It may make him nervous, but he’ll come back very quickly!

Treats and meals

Giving treats or meal leftovers upsets the nutritional balance provided by a complete diet. If it is excessive or regular, it may promote excess weight gain and be detrimental to his health. Responsible pet ownership requires that you feed your puppy a diet that will improve the quality of his lifestyle:

  • Until 6 months of age, feed him 3 meals a day, then 2 to the end of his growth phase.
  • A puppy should be given his meals at set hours, in the same clean bowl, at the same place and he must always have a bowl full of fresh available.
  • A puppy should not be left alone when he eats and should never be given food when you’re eating at table.

  Discover the 10 commands of the dog owner

Dog training centers are an opportunity for a puppy to encounter other dogs of his age and to teach him to be less fearful and less aggressive towards other dogs. For an owner, it’s a guarantee of practicing the right learning processes and of sharing special moments of with your puppy.