The Puppy and the Dog They have been man’s companion through the ages and adapted to their owners, but they have their own behavioural and nutritional demands. Knowing and respectingthem will guarantee their health and well-being.

The cat’s feline nature is always a matter of fascination.He adapts with apparent ease to daily life, and yet he has behavioural and nutritional requirements of his own. Knowing them and respecting them will guarantee his well-being and his health.

Because of its composition, a Royal Canin Health Nutrition food provides all essential nutrients measured out with utmost precision in order to contribute every day and on a long-term basis to the well-being and health of every animal, according to his age, his size, his physiological condition and his breed.

Innovation for the sake of dogs and cats’ health. For over 40 years, Royal Canin has worked with breeder partners and veterinary nutritionists to go ever further into innovation and precision to enable us to formulate nutritional solutions which perfectly meet dogs and cats’ real needs.

Home > Kittens and Cats > The Cat > Which breed?

Which breed?


Deified in Ancient Egypt, considered beneficial thanks to his skill at hunting, demonized in medieval times, the cat has adapted so well to living next to man that today he has become a full-fledged member of the family. In this ever more urbanized 21st century, the fascinating animalness of the cat has become more subdued without losing a single one of its attractive features.


Given the cat's silhouette, it's not surprising it moves so graciously.

Which breed to choose?

A cat is dominated by the harmony and balance of shapes, the impression of suppleness and appearance of a small domestic feline offering a wide panorama, reinforced by the genetic diversity of the species. Breeds and colours combine for the greatest pleasure of cat lovers.

About 60 feline breeds are recognised by different federations. The standards of these breeds describe the history, physical outlook and character of each. Small or large, slender or massive, the morphology of the cat falls within the following 3 types, from which all intermediate stages are possible.

Longilineal, mediolineal or brevilineal?

Breeds; a matter of appearance and disposition

It is often said that the more longilineal a cat is, the more active he is and the bigger and more massive he is, the calmer and more composed he is. Naturally, this is only a trend, mitigated by individual variations.

Active cats have a tubular body, long head and large ears pricked up towards anything that moves. Their "oriental" morphology and their lean muscles like those of greyhounds, hide a fiery disposition. The Siamese, Balinese, Orientals, Mandarin and Cornish Rex are cats that are very cuddly, talkative and attached to their owner. They are active cats that do not like feeling lonely, just like the Sphynx, Bengalese and Abyssinean.

Moderate cats, a sturdy disposition and athletic bodies, most breeds have powerful muscles. Balance and moderation are their strength, endowed with steady and pleasant disposition; they are always present without encroaching. Perfect examples include the Chartreux, European, Burmese, Egyptian Mau and wavy-haired Devon Rex cats.

Powerful and gentle cats, they are strong and large. As if they were aware of their importance, their strength is only equaled by their gentleness. They may be all roundness, like the British or the Exotic Shorthair or giants like the Maine Coon, Norwegian, Siberian and Rag doll. Some may have with a long coat requiring daily maintenance like the Persian, or biweekly maintenance like the Burmese Sacred. These strong and quiet cats just love the company of their owners.

Short-hair or long-hair?

Although there’s no scientific explanation for this phenomenon, it has often been noted that in breeds, where there is a shorthaired variety and a longhaired variety, the longhaired individuals are calmer than the shorthaired ones. The Persian and the Exotic Shorthair (essentially a short haired Persian) provide the best illustrations of this.

Deified in Ancient Egypt, considered beneficial due to his skill at hunting and demonised in medieval times; the cat has adapted so well to living next to man that today he has become a fully fledged member of the family. In an ever more urbanised world, the fascination of the cat has become more subdued without losing any of its attractive features.