The Puppy and the Dog They have been man’s companion through the ages and adapted to their owners, but they have their own behavioural and nutritional demands. Knowing and respectingthem will guarantee their health and well-being.

The cat’s feline nature is always a matter of fascination.He adapts with apparent ease to daily life, and yet he has behavioural and nutritional requirements of his own. Knowing them and respecting them will guarantee his well-being and his health.

Because of its composition, a Royal Canin Health Nutrition food provides all essential nutrients measured out with utmost precision in order to contribute every day and on a long-term basis to the well-being and health of every animal, according to his age, his size, his physiological condition and his breed.

Innovation for the sake of dogs and cats’ health. For over 40 years, Royal Canin has worked with breeder partners and veterinary nutritionists to go ever further into innovation and precision to enable us to formulate nutritional solutions which perfectly meet dogs and cats’ real needs.

Home > Kittens and Cats > The Kitten > Living with your kitten > Maintaining his health

Living with your kitten

Maintaining his health

Simple moves, regularly practiced, for his well-being and his health

A kitten must receive regular hygiene care to maintain his good health. Simple gestures ensure his well-being and create moments of closeness once his first fears have dissipated.

If he has been well socialised, an adopted kitten at 8 weeks old is already used to being handled. You may still be afraid of your own clumsiness when parting his jaws or clipping his claws and at first, your kitten may prove to be too restless. Short sessions that are gentle and repeated will quickly make this ritual easier. Even though your cat is a very clean animal, he must be given regular hygiene care throughout his life to maintain his health.

Glossy hair

A maintained coat means hair that is regularly brushed and rid of all dead hairs. With long hair, like the Persian’s, care is compulsory and must be done daily. Hair must be untangled with a comb and then brushed and aired. On short and flat hair, like the Siamese or Abyssinian, strokes of the hand are all that is needed. Use a soft brush every week for medium-length hair like that of a Maine Coon or of Burmese Sacred Cat. The same applies to a short-haired coat with under hair, like the Exotic Shorthair.

Things to keep an eye on

Impurities may build up in the inside corner of the eye, especially in a Persian. Clean gently with a compress moistened with a lotion manufactured for that use. Your cat should not have runny eyes, or a runny nose.

It is important to get him used to grooming at a young age. It is recommended for proper buccodental hygiene: tooth brushing helps limit plaque formation. To make this easier; pass a folded compress over his teeth.


Pavilions should not shelter dirt of any kind and if required; a compress ot cotton moistened with a special lotion will get rid of it. Never use cotton buds.


Blunting a kitten’s claws is not mutilation and has the advantage of preventing possible scratching by an indoor cat. To achieve this easily, the kitten must be kept wrapped in a towel leaving his head and the relevant leg to stick out. Using nail clippers or scissors obtained form your veterinarian for use on cats; press gently on the last phalanx to bring out one claw after another. You must be careful to clip only the translucent part of the nail, without getting to the pink part, which will bleed, and do not forget the dewclaws of the forelegs.

Having a bath?

A kitten intended for showing at feline shows will have a bath. His coat must be impeccable in the hands of the judges. Use a special, kitten shampoo, heat up the room well, put an anti-skid bath mat in a few centimeters of water, and gradually moisten the kitten before applying the shampoo. Rinse thoroughly and dry by gently rubbing with a towel. Always keep your kitten warm for as long as his hair is not dry.

If there is any change in your kitten’s appearance or behaviour during this process consult your veterinarian.

Vaccines, vermifuge and anti parasitic

Vaccination must to be started as early as 8 or 9 weeks of age by your veterinarian, and is meant to boost your kitten’s immune defense system. It is imperative to stick to the immunisation schedule established by your veterinarian. To fight against infestation by internal parasites, the gestating female is de-wormed at the moment of giving birth. Then, the kitten must be de-wormed regularly throughout his growth according to your veterinarian’s advice.

External parasites such as fleas and lice are also highly detrimental to your young cat’s health. An anti parasitic, dispensed by your veterinarian, will allow treating your kitten once he has reached 2 months of age.