The Puppy and the Dog They have been man’s companion through the ages and adapted to their owners, but they have their own behavioural and nutritional demands. Knowing and respectingthem will guarantee their health and well-being.

The cat’s feline nature is always a matter of fascination.He adapts with apparent ease to daily life, and yet he has behavioural and nutritional requirements of his own. Knowing them and respecting them will guarantee his well-being and his health.

Because of its composition, a Royal Canin Health Nutrition food provides all essential nutrients measured out with utmost precision in order to contribute every day and on a long-term basis to the well-being and health of every animal, according to his age, his size, his physiological condition and his breed.

Innovation for the sake of dogs and cats’ health. For over 40 years, Royal Canin has worked with breeder partners and veterinary nutritionists to go ever further into innovation and precision to enable us to formulate nutritional solutions which perfectly meet dogs and cats’ real needs.

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Dog breeds


Several hypotheses have been put forward as to the origins of dog domestication which took place approximately fifteen thousand years ago. Joint hunting, wolves having chosen to get closer to men in order to take advantage of their food scraps or wolf cubs adopted by human groups. All these hypotheses are plausible.

The dog embodies the pet par excellence. A symbol of devotion and loyalty, and ever closer to man, this animal shows a remarkable diversity, with nearly 400 breeds.

For nearly 15,000 years, the dog has stood beside man and woven extremely strong ties with him. Whether a utility dog or a companion dog, he is ever closer to man. Along the centuries, man has largely contributed to making dog types evolve by selecting them according to their abilities or their dispositions. With over 400 breeds, the canine race offers a great diversity in sizes, coats, figures and dispositions.

The right choice

Purchasing a breed dog means wanting to make sure that, once the puppy has become an adult, he’ll show the physical and behavioural features to be expected as a result of the selection conducted by his breeder as a breed professional. For many amateurs, the physical appearance of a breed is often what triggers their "love at first sight," his cute face,his figure, his coat, his size. However, beyond the physical aspect, every breed has behavioural features which should be known before making your choice.Consequently, it is important to gather information and make enquiries with breed clubs and breeders you may encounter in the numerous dog shows.

Living together in harmony

A dog’s behaviour is shaped before, during and afterhis birth. "Before" means his genetic pool. "During" means the key period extending from birth until the day when the puppy leaves the breeding kennels for his new family. "After" means the new environment that the puppy is going to get familiar with. In other words, most of the dog’s behaviour is settled within the first six months preceding his arrival. The interactions between the gene pool, the environment and specific experiences such as the arrival into the new home and the first outings, makeup an in dissociable set. Nevertheless, without adequate training showing the dog who the master is, i.e. in concrete terms who the leader of the pack is,since for the dog a human family is a pack, any dog will become dominant and impose his law, whatever his size, whatever his breed. Attending a dog training club is an excellent way of getting familiar with canine behaviour, a dog’s requirements and the way you should interact with him to cohabit in harmony.

City dogs or country dogs

Whether they are hunting dogs, guard dogs or companion dogs, breed dogs have historical origins which play a role in their abilities and their dispositions. Most of these breeds are today able to live in the urban space, provided that provision is made for daily outings lasting a minimum of 30 minutes several times a day and that the attention given is not limited to preparing the dog’s daily food intake.

However, certain breeds are not suited to city life and run the risk of suffering more than others from a lack of physical exertion. Such is the case, for instance, of the Border collie, born to drive herds, or the Siberian husky, intended to live in a pack and draw carriages in cold climates.

 And yet, who would have said that the Yorkshire terrier that was used to hunt rats in the Yorkshire mines in England would become within a century the world’s most popular breed of miniature dogs? Nevertheless, he remains a "terrier" at heart, endowed with a sturdy temperament.Whether he lives in the city or the country, a shepherd dog will keep, i.e.will be watchful, an Irish setter will be capable of dashing off on a motorway rest area next to a wood and point, his nose in the wind, and a Retriever will insist on retrieving to his city owner, his shoe.

The different groups

As early as Roman antiquity, dogs were classified according to their abilities. A distinction was made between "shepherd dogs," "hunting dogs" and "house dogs." In the eighteenth century, Buffon attempted to classify dogs according to the shape of their ears: he differentiated them into thirty breeds with pricked ears, floppy ears or half-floppy ears, while Cuvier suggested dividing up the canine species into "guard dogs," "mastiffs" or "spaniels,"according to the individuals’ skull shape.

 Since the fifties, the Federation Cynologique International (FCI) has based itself on a classification of the different breeds into 10groups. A group is defined as "a set of breeds having in common a certain number of transmissible distinctive features." Thus, for instance,individuals belonging to the first group (Shepherd dogs), despite their morphological differences, all show the original instinct of a herd keeper.

Group 1: Shepherd dogs and herding dogs (Swiss Bouvier accepted).

Group 2: Pinscher- and Schnauzer-type dogs. Mountain dogs and Swiss Bouviers.

Group 3: Terriers

Group 4: Dachshunds

Group 5: Spitz-type and primitive dogs

Group 6: Hounds, bloodhounds and related dogs

Group 7: Pointing dogs

Group 8: Game flushing and retrieving dogs, water dogs

Group 9: Pleasure and companion dogs

Group 10: Racing hounds