The Puppy and the Dog They have been man’s companion through the ages and adapted to their owners, but they have their own behavioural and nutritional demands. Knowing and respectingthem will guarantee their health and well-being.

The cat’s feline nature is always a matter of fascination.He adapts with apparent ease to daily life, and yet he has behavioural and nutritional requirements of his own. Knowing them and respecting them will guarantee his well-being and his health.

Because of its composition, a Royal Canin Health Nutrition food provides all essential nutrients measured out with utmost precision in order to contribute every day and on a long-term basis to the well-being and health of every animal, according to his age, his size, his physiological condition and his breed.

Innovation for the sake of dogs and cats’ health. For over 40 years, Royal Canin has worked with breeder partners and veterinary nutritionists to go ever further into innovation and precision to enable us to formulate nutritional solutions which perfectly meet dogs and cats’ real needs.

Growth, a key stage

Adequate feeding

Giving your puppy a proper diet

The growth phase is the most difficult physiological period in a puppy’s life, as it is so rapid and intense. It’s during this period that the morphology of the adult dog will be determined. Health Nutrition plays a major role in this construction.

The growth phase is the most difficult physiological period in a puppy’s life, as it is so rapid and intense. It’s during this period that the morphology of the adult dog will be determined. Health Nutrition plays a major role in this construction. 

Health Nutrition during growth conditions a dog’s future good health. Perfectly meeting a puppy’s nutritional requirements secures this crucial stage in his life. As a rule, health nutrition should take into account, without excess or deficiency, the specific features of the canine species, breed and size diversity and ability to digest nutrients.

Custom-made diets according to size

As far as nutrition is concerned, breed size is essential. At 3 months, a Fox Terrier puppy weighs 2 to 3 kg while a giant breed puppy weighs about 20kg. The size difference is obvious, especially their jaw size. While a growth dry food is best suited for a puppy because of its composition, a medium-sized kibble will create prehension difficulties for a small breed, and wastage for larger breeds. It is wise to select kibbles with sizes and textures that suit the jaws and dentitions of small,,medium or large puppies.  The differences in puppy sizes imply different sensitivities. While overfeeding accelerates growth in a large breed puppy and predisposes him to osteoarticular problems, in a small dog it might stimulate obesity. An optimum energy level in health nutrition, calibrated to a puppy’s size and requirements, and adherence to precise food intake, aids in preventing the risk of excess weight gain.

Specific calcium and phosphorus intakes

Calcium and phosphorus intake should be monitored to prevent serious bone problems. Calcium deficiency is typical in a puppy exclusively fed with meat or homemade food with no mineral supplement. With excess vitamin  D, this deficiency causes frequent growth disorders, a result of inadequate diets.

Excess calcium intake is also dangerous. Calcium should never be added to a food formulated for growth.

Health Nutrition formulated for growth is ideal and differs according to the breeds’ growth phases: 8 to 10 months for small, 12 months for medium, 15 to 18 months for large and 18 to 24 months for giant breeds. Nutrient intake should be dosed differently to prevent excess or deficiency during growth.

Quality nutrients for all

Whatever his breed, a puppy has higher energy requirements than an adult dog. He needs energy to cover his maintenance requirements, but also to form new tissue that helps him grow. His requirements in protein, minerals, vitamins and trace elements are all higher than that of the adult dog. This is why Health Nutrition growth food provides a puppy with a superior quality and high protein content. Optimum digestibility taking into account the puppy’s limited digestive capacities is obtained with high-quality grain and nutrient combinations favouring a balance of the intestinal flora.

The immunity gap

A puppy’s immune defenses rely on antibodies passed on by his mother, essentially via the colostrum, absorbed within 36 to 48 hours after birth. Between 4 and 12 weeks, the rate of maternal origin antibodies falls below the protective threshold. This critical period, called the "immunity gap", is a risky period for infections, because the high level of maternal antibodies can inhibit vaccine reactions.

Vaccines are only effective after 12 weeks. At this time a young puppy is subject to stress factors that put his immune defense system to the test. From the breeding kennels to his adopted family, a puppy’s environment changes. An unfamiliar environment forces a puppy to defend himself against potentially dangerous germs, even though he is still vulnerable to bacterial and viral infections. A patented formula ( taurine, lutein, vitamins E & C) and mannanoligosaccharides, help sustain a puppy’s natural defenses.